What is Software Testing and Types of Software Testing

Laura Angelica updated on 2020-09-25 16:26:16

If you are planning to launch your own product or software, then software testing is a very important process, which you should focus on. It does not only boosts the productivity and efficiency of your organization but also makes sure that your end-users are receiving a bug-free product. It's a crucial part of the software development process, that's why you must have all the important information related to it. In this article, you will discover what software testing exactly is, so make sure to read it till the end.

What is Software Testing

Software testing is a method to evaluate a software application to detect whether the finished software satisfies the specified requirements or not. It helps to find differences between the expected result and given input. The main motive to execute software testing is to ensure that the software application is free of any defects. This process involves various stages like the execution of software components with the help of automated or manual tools.

Software testing helps in finding out gaps, missing requirements, or errors in the product. It is best to conduct software testing during the development phase of the product. It assists in assessing the software's functionality and helps you deliver a better quality product to the consumers. In simple words, software testing is the process of validation and verification.

Verification tells us that the software we have developed satisfies the conditions that we had imposed when we're at the beginning of the development phase. And validation tells us that the software satisfies the requirements that we had established for the last stage of the development phase. Many big companies have started using automated software testing to save time and increase the efficiency of the entire process.

Software testing has two basics, which are black-box testing and white box testing. The black box testing technique neglects the inner framework of the system and prioritizes the result. This technique is also known as functional testing. On the flip side, the white box testing technique focuses more on the inner framework of the system and it is also known as glass box testing.

Types of Software Testing

There are various types of software testing and the test cases in software testing may vary based on the method you choose.

1- Unit Testing

Unit testing involves testing of a single unit or set of similar units. This testing method comes under the category of white-box testing. Most time, programmers use this approach to test whether the implementation is generating the desired outcome or not.

3- Integration Testing

In integration testing, a large set of components is placed together to generate the result. Apart from this, if hardware and software have any similarities, then the interaction between them is also tested in this testing technique. Integration technique may fall under both black box and white box testing.

4- Stress Testing

This testing technique is utilized to test the behavior of the system when the conditions are unfavorable and hard. Stress testing falls under black-box testing and it is conducted at extreme limits of the specifications. Software testing material also plays a major while conducting any types of testing techniques.

5- Regression Testing

Regression testing is conducted to test a software application after it gets modified or improved. This is done to make sure that all functions are working smoothly and not conflicting with other modules. This technique helps in detecting the unexpected results caused by modifications and it comes under black-box testing.

6- Performance Testing

The performance testing technique is utilized to analyze the performance and speed of a system. It is conducted to make sure that a system is producing outcomes within a set time frame. This testing comes under the category of black-box testing.

7- Acceptance Testing

This testing method is for consumers. They utilize this technique to make sure that the finished good is able to satisfy customer needs. It comes under the category of black-box testing.

Software Testing Methodology

Software testing methodology refers to the set of testing types and strategies that are utilized to approve that a Software application satisfies the requirements of clients. These methodologies contain both non-functional and functional testing for AUT validation. The best examples of testing methodologies are system testing, performance testing, unit testing, etc.

One thing that you should keep in mind is that each testing methodology comes with a fixed test objective, deliverables, and test strategy. The main motive of utilizing various testing methodologies is to make sure that a software application is capable enough to function across various platforms and in multiple environments without having any issues.

When functional testing is used, it tests the application capability against business needs. It comprises of various testing techniques that ensure the perfect functioning of the application as per the cases given by the business analyst or design team.

On the other hand, non-functional testing procedures include various tests that prioritize the operational elements of the software. Some of the best examples of non-functional testing are performance testing, usability testing, security testing, etc.

The Best Tool for Software Design

Nowadays, many amazing tools are available that make software designing very convenient. One of the best among them is Wondershare Mockitt. It is a web-based prototyping platform where you can easily build interactive prototypes without having any technical experience. It is equipped with powerful features that allow you to create conditional flows, dynamic content, and more. It features a comprehensive library of widgets and templates, which you can easily for your projects.

software testing

Mockitt is a cloud-based tool, which means you can easily use it through your web browser. It saves all of your progress automatically and also enables you to work with other teammates in real-time.

The well-optimized interface makes it ideal for both amateurs as well as expert individuals. Mockitt offers both collaboration and personal projects to build all possible app/web prototypes. You can even generate the CSS code and hand-off your creation to developers within a few clicks.

To help you understand everything better, here is the complete guide on how to do software design and software testing by the powerful preview mode.

Step 1 - The first thing you have to do is to create an account on the Mockitt website.

Step 2 - Now you will be redirected to the main dashboard. Click on the "Create > Project" option, which will be located on the top left side.

types of software testing

Step 3 - On this screen, Mockitt will show you various device options. You can choose the device for which you want to create the software design. Here you will get options for iOS devices, android, TV, web pages, and many more.

automated software testing

Step 4 - Once you choose a device and enter the name, a new screen will open where you will see an art-board. This is the area where you will perform software designing. On the right side, you will find various widgets and tools. Simply click on the cubical icon and it will open a widget box.

software testing material

Step 5 - It contains various widgets like Text, carousel, and many more. To click a widget, you just need to click it or you can either drag it to the art-board. The left area contains basic tools and information like layers and screens.

Step 6 - Here you can customize your software as per your needs and once your design is ready, you can use the "Preview" option to check your creation. If you wish to share your project with others, then you can do that by clicking on the share button.

test cases in software testing